Pomeranian


Available Pets

Weight: 3–7 pounds

Height: 8–11 inches

Clubs, Registries & Associations

  • American Canine Association
  • Continental Kennel Club
  • Universal Kennel Club International
  • American Kennel Club
  • United All Breed Registry
  • America's Pet Registry, Inc.
  • United Kennel Club

(Based on breed recognition. See store for details on this particular puppy.)

Group

Toy

Heritage

It was Queen Victoria in 1888 England who developed the little Pomeranian we know today. Before that time, the Pomeranian weighed in at 30 pounds and was used to herd sheep in Pomerania, which is now the northeast region of Germany. Today you can find Pomeranians excelling at agility, trick dogs, watch dogs, and lap dogs!

Description

Very small, 7-12” at the shoulders, weighing anywhere from 3-7 pounds. The Pomeranian has a sturdy, petite body with a long double coat that comes in colors of red, orange, cream, white, black, brown, blue, sable, black and tan, brown and tan, spotted, brindle, plus combinations of any of those colors The outer coat is long, full, straight, and coarse; the inner coat is short, soft and thick.

Health Awareness

Overall, the Pomeranian is a sturdy, healthy dog.

Personality

The Pomeranian is alert, high-spirited, enthusiastic, persuasive, and very affectionate. They are independent thinkers, bold, intelligent and happy to learn. Give your Pomeranian gentle yet consistent guidance to demonstrate that you are a capable leader, or this breed will feel the need to provide their own leadership that can result in other behavior issues.

Exercise/Energy Level

The Pomeranian is full of play, but will still need a daily brisk walk or run for physical exercise. Be cautious not to overheat this breed in hot weather. Good at problem solving, this breed also needs mental stimulation. Inadequate mental stimulation can cause this breed to develop other behavior issues, such as destruction.

Additional Information

 Grooming Requirements:   Requires regular brushin; dry shampoo in between regular bathing. Needs regular dental checkups.
 Coat: Long and full
 Shedding: Constant shedding
 Hypoallergenic: No, due to shedding
 Apartment Living: Good for apartment living if given sufficient exercise
 Lap Dog: No
 Good With Children: Good with older children who understand to respect a tiny dog; needs socialization at an early age with children.
 Good With Other Pets: Generally good with other pets when well socialized at an early age.

General Appearance

The Pomeranian is a compact, short-backed, active toy dog. He has a soft, dense undercoat with a profuse harsh-textured outer coat. His heavily plumed tail is set high and lies flat on his back. He is alert in character, exhibits intelligence in expression, is buoyant in deportment, and is inquisitive by nature. The Pomeranian is cocky, commanding, and animated as he gaits. He is sound in composition and action.

Size, Proportion, Substance

The average weight of the Pomeranian is from 3 to 7 pounds, with the ideal weight for the show specimen being 4 to 6 pounds. Any dog over or under the limits is objectionable. However, overall quality is to be favored over size. The distance from the point of shoulder to the point of buttocks is slightly shorter than from the highest point of the withers to the ground. the distance from the brisket to the ground is half the height at the withers. He is medium-boned, and the length of his legs is in proportion to a well-balanced frame. When examined, he feels sturdy.

Neck, Topline, Body

The neck is short with its base set well into the shoulders to allow the head to be carried high. The back is short with a level topline. The body is compact and well-ribbed with brisket reaching the elbow. The plumed tail is one of the characteristics of the breed, and lies flat and straight on the back.

Forequarters

The Pomeranian has sufficient layback of shoulders to carry the neck and head proud and high. The shoulders and legs are moderately muscled. The length of the shoulder blade and upper arm are equal. The forelegs are straight and parallel to each other. Height from elbows to withers approximately equals height from ground to elbow. The pasterns are straight and strong. The feet are well-arched, compact, and turn neither in nor out. He stands well up on his toes. Dewclaws may be removed. Major Faults: Down in pasterns.

Hindquarters

The angulation of the hindquarters balances that of the forequarters. The buttocks are well behind the set of the tail. The thighs are moderately muscled with stifles that are moderately bent and clearly defined. The hocks are perpendicular to the ground and the legs are straight and parallel to each other. The feet are well-arched, compact, and turn neither in nor out. He stands well up on his toes. Dewclaws, if any on the hind legs may be removed. Major Faults: Cowhocks or lack of soundness in hind legs or stifles.

Coat

A Pomeranian is noted for its double coat. The undercoat is soft and dense. The outer-coat is long, straight, glistening and harsh in texture. A thick undercoat will hold up and permit the guard hair to stand off from the Pomeranian's body. The coat is abundant from the neck and fore part of shoulders and chest, forming a frill which extends over the shoulders and chest. The head and leg coat is tightly packed and shorter in length than that of the body. The forequarters are well-feathered and thighs and hind legs well-feathered to the hock. The tail is profusely covered with long, harsh, spreading straight hair. Trimming for neatness and a clean outline is permissible. Major Faults: Soft, flat or open coat.

Color

All colors, patterns, and variations there-of are allowed and must be judged on an equal basis. Patterns: Black and Tan - tan or rust sharply defined, appearing above each eye and on muzzle, throat, and forechest, on all legs and feet and below the tail. The richer the tan the more desirable; Brindle - the base color is gold, red, or orange-brindled with strong black cross stripes; Parti-color - is white with any other color distributed in patches with a white blaze preferred on the head. Classifications: The Open Classes at specialty shows may be divided by color as follows: Open Red, Orange, Cream, and Sable; Open Black, Brown, and Blue; Open Any Other Color, Pattern, or Variation.

Gait

The Pomeranian's gait is smooth, free, balanced and vigorous. He has good reach in his forequarters and strong drive with his hindquarters. Each rear leg moves in line with the foreleg on the same side. To achieve balance, his legs converge slightly inward toward a center line beneath his body. The rear and front legs are thrown neither in nor out. The topline remains level, and his overall balance and outline are maintained.

Temperament

The Pomeranian is an extrovert, exhibiting great intelligence and a vivacious spirit, making him a great companion dog as well as a competitive show dog.

Even though a Toy dog, the Pomeranian must be subject to the same requirements of soundness and structure prescribed for all breeds, and any deviation from the ideal described in the standard should be penalized to the extent of the deviation.

Interesting To Know

  • Mozart, Emile Zola, and Marie Antoinette all loved and lived with Pomeranians
  • A famous Pomeranian: Chester from The Nanny
  • Chopin wrote Valse des Petits Chiens (Waltz Of The Little Dog) about a Pomeranian